DBpedia Blog

DBpedia 3.7 released, including 15 localized Editions


Hi all,

we are happy to announce the release of DBpedia 3.7. The new release is based on Wikipedia dumps dating from late July 2011.

The new DBpedia data set describes more than 3.64 million things, of which 1.83 million are classified in a consistent ontology, including 416,000 persons, 526,000 places, 106,000 music albums, 60,000 films, 17,500 video games, 169,000 organizations, 183,000 species and 5,400 diseases.

The DBpedia data set features labels and abstracts for 3.64 million things in up to 97 different languages; 2,724,000 links to images and 6,300,000 links to external web pages; 6,200,000 external links into other RDF datasets, and 740,000 Wikipedia categories. The dataset consists of 1 billion pieces of information (RDF triples) out of which 385 million were extracted from the English edition of Wikipedia and roughly 665 million were extracted from other language editions and links to external datasets.

Localized Editions

Up till now, we extracted data from non-English Wikipedia pages only if there exists an equivalent English page, as we wanted to have a single URI to identify a resource across all 97 languages. However, since there are many pages in the non-English Wikipedia editions that do not have an equivalent English page (especially small towns in different countries, e.g. the Austrian village Endach, or legal and administrative terms that are just relevant for a single country) relying on English URIs only had the negative effect that DBpedia did not contain data for these entities and many DBpedia users have complained about this shortcoming.

As part of the DBpedia 3.7 release, we now provide 15 localized DBpedia editions for download that contain data from all Wikipedia pages in a specific language. These localized editions cover the following languages: ca, de, el, es, fr, ga, hr, hu, it, nl, pl, pt, ru, sl, tr. The URIs identifying entities in these i18n data sets are constructed directly from the non-English title and a language-specific URI namespaces (e.g. http://ru.dbpedia.org/resource/Berlin), so there are now 16 different URIs in DBpedia that refer to Berlin. We also extract the inter-language links from the different Wikipedia editions. Thus, whenever a inter-language links between a non-English Wikipedia page and its English equivalent exists, the resulting owl:sameAs link can be used to relate the localized DBpedia URI to the equivalent in the main (English) DBpedia edition. The localized DBpedia editions are provided for download on the DBpedia download page (http://wiki.dbpedia.org/Downloads37). Note that we have not provide public SPARQL endpoints for the localized editions, nor do the localized URIs dereference. This might change in the future, as more local DBpedia chapters are set up in different countries as part of the DBpedia internationalization effort (http://dbpedia.org/Internationalization).

Other Changes

Beside the new localized editions, the DBpedia 3.7 release provides the following improvements and changes compared to the last release:

1. Framework

  • Redirects are resolved in a post-processing step for increased inter-connectivity of 13% (applied for English data sets)
  • Extractor configuration using the dependency injection principle
  • Simple threaded loading of mappings in server
  • Improved international language parsing support thanks to the members of the Internationalization Committee: http://dbpedia.org/Internationalization

2. Bugfixes

  • Encode homepage URLs to conform with N-Triples spec
  • Correct reference parsing
  • Recognize MediaWiki parser functions
  • Raw infobox extraction produces more object properties again
  • skos:related for category links starting with “:” and having and anchor text
  • Restrict objects to Main namespace in MappingExtractor
  • Double rounding (e.g. a person’s height should not be 1800.00000001 cm)
  • Start position in abstract extractor
  • Server can handle template names containing a slash
  • Encoding issues in YAGO dumps

3. Ontology

  • 320 ontology classes
  • 750 object properties
  • 893 datatype properties
  • owl:equivalentClass and owl:equivalentProperty mappings to http://schema.org

Note that the ontology now is a directed-acyclic graph. Classes can have multiple superclasses, which was important for the mappings to schema.org. A taxonomy can still be constructed by ignoring all superclass but the one that is specified first in the list and is considered the most important.

4. Mappings

  • Dynamic statistics for infobox mappings showing the overall and individual coverage of the mappings in each language: http://mappings.dbpedia.org/index.php/Mapping_Statistics
  • Improved DBpedia Ontology as well as improved Infobox mappings using http://mappings.dbpedia.org/. These improvements are largely due to collective work by the community before and during the DBpedia Mapping Creation Sprint. For English, there are 17.5 million RDF statements based on mappings (13.8 million in version 3.6) (see also http://dbpedia.org/Downloads37#ontologyinfoboxproperties).
  • ConstantProperty mappings to capture information from the template title (e.g. Infobox_Australian_Road {{TemplateMapping | mapToClass = Road | mappings = {{ConstantMapping | ontologyProperty = country | value = Australia }}}})
  • Language specification for string properties in PropertyMappings (e.g. Infobox_japan_station: {{PropertyMapping | templateProperty = name | ontologyProperty = foaf:name | language = ja}} )
  • Multiplication factor in PropertyMappings (e.g. Infobox_GB_station: {{PropertyMapping | templateProperty = usage0910 | ontologyProperty = passengersPerYear | factor = 1000000}}, because it’s always specified in millions)

5. RDF Links to External Data Sources

  • New RDF links pointing at resources in the following Linked Data sources: Umbel, EUnis, LinkedMDB, Geospecis
  • Updated RDF links pointing at resources in the following Linked Data sources: Freebase, WordNet, Opencyc, New York Times, Drugbank, Diseasome, Flickrwrapper, Sider, Factbook, DBLP, Eurostat, Dailymed, Revyu

Accessing the new DBpedia Release

You can download the new DBpedia dataset from http://dbpedia.org/Downloads37.

As usual, the dataset is also available as Linked Data and via the DBpedia SPARQL endpoint (http://dbpedia.org/sparql).


Lots of thanks to

  • All editors that contributed to the DBpedia ontology mappings via the Mappings Wiki.
  • Max Jakob (Freie Universität Berlin, Germany) for improving the DBpedia extraction framework and for extracting the new datasets.
  • Dimitris Kontokostas (Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece) for providing language generalizations to the extraction framework.
  • Paul Kreis (Freie Universität Berlin, Germany) for administering the ontology and for delivering the mapping statistics and schema.org mappings.
  • Uli Zellbeck (Freie Universität Berlin, Germany) for providing the links to external datasets using the Silk framework.
  • The whole Internationalization Committee for expanding some DBpedia extractors to a number of languages:
  • Kingsley Idehen and Mitko Iliev (both OpenLink Software) for loading the dataset into the Virtuoso instance that serves the Linked Data view and SPARQL endpoint. OpenLink Software (http://www.openlinksw.com/) altogether for providing the server infrastructure for DBpedia.

The work on the new release was financially supported by:

  • The European Commission through the project LOD2 – Creating Knowledge out of Linked Data (http://lod2.eu/, improvements to the extraction framework).
  • The European Commission through the project LATC – LOD Around the Clock (http://latc-project.eu/, creation of external RDF links).
  • Vulcan Inc. as part of its Project Halo (http://www.projecthalo.com/).

More information about DBpedia is found at http://dbpedia.org/About

Have fun with the new data set!


Chris Bizer